Lieberthal-Rogel Center for Chinese Studies September 29, 2015 News Mary Gallagher on China's Migrant Challenge Lieberthal-Rogel Center for Chinese Studies September 29, 2015 News Mary GallagherAssociate ProfessorPolitical ScienceDirector, Lieberthal-Rogel Center for Chinese Studies LRCCS Director Mary Gallagher's piece "The Future of Work: China's Own Migrant Challenge" was recently published by Pacific Standard. The biggest challenge for work in China will be ending the household registration system (hukou) that ties citizens to a particular place and to a designation as either an urban or rural citizen. For decades, China’s growth model has relied on low-cost, low-skilled, transitory labor from the countryside. Every year hundreds of millions of rural citizens leave their inland villages for cities and development zones across the country. When they do so, they are looking for work.